A city of higher education
Heidelbergis a popular international destination for its history and romantic landscapes. The city has been for centuries the residence of the Electoral Palatinate (the historical territory administered by a palatine during the Roman Empireage). Today Heidelbergis a city of higher education and is very proud of its University, which is well-known in the world. Heidelberg University developed into a research university and always had an international orientation. It enhances its disciplinary strengths, maintaining at the same time a communication across the subject boundaries.
Heidelbergwas a city of higher education from the Roman Empire. In the 14th century, the city of Heidelberg had around 3,000 inhabitants. The University of Heidelberg was founded in 1386 by Rupert I, who also gives the name of the University. It was the fourth university of the Roman Empire. The Great Schism in 1378 made it possible for the small town of Heidelberg to grow into a university town. The German leaders at the time expressed the need for a University centre in central Europe, other than Paris. Rupert I was given the permission from pope Urban VI to create a Latin school after the model of University of Paris. The university grew up extremely fast. In 1803 the university became a state-owned institution and since then, it bears the name of Rupert I. Like all the other German Universities, this university was dominated by the Nazis in the 19th and 20th centuries. Many students and teachers were dismissed for political and racist reasons and the rest took part to the book burnings in the University Square in May 1933. The Nazi influence disappeared at the end of World War II.
About the University
The Universityof Heidelberg, Ruperto Carola (or Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg) is a public university focusing on research studies. It is today the oldest university inGermany. The present university organization was established back in 1899, when twelve faculties offering over 100 disciplines were formed. The university has programs for undergraduate, graduate and postdoctoral studies. 28,000 students enrol for studies at theUniversity ofHeidelberg every year. It has the first and the only self-governed student hall in the world. The campus facilities are separated in two. The institutes of humanities and social sciences are located in the Old Town Campus, while the science faculties and the medicine are embedded in the New Campus. The famous university was proclaimedUniversity of Excellence.