The twelve Romanesque Churches of Cologne
Cologneis the fourth largest city in Germany. The city once called “Colonia” bears witness to its ancient Roman influence. Cologneis a city of arts and culture, with many beautiful cathedrals dating from the Middle Age.
About the churches
Cologneis very proud of its churches built in Romanesque style. The twelve Romanesque Churches of Cologne have a high impact on the city architectural style. These churches are located within the medieval city walls. They have been destroyed during the World War II but all of them have been fully restored in the following period.
The twelve churches
The St. Andreas Church can be found near the cathedral and it shelters the tomb of St. Albertus Magnus, a Romanesque sculpture and murals in the crypt. St. Maria im Kapitol Church is built on the site where an old church was built in the 8th century by Plectrudis (the only woman at with political power at that time). The cloverleaf choir in this church illustrates the birth scene in Bethlehem.
The largest and the most modern church out of the twelve Romanesque Churches in Cologne is St. Aposteln. In the 13th century, St. Maria Lyskirchen Church was built and decorated with beautiful carvings and murals on the ceiling. One century later, St. Cecilia’s Church is built in Cologne. This has wonderful carvings on the north door and murals in the nave and choir.
The church was turned into a museum of medieval art and hosts paintings, sculpture and furnishing from the medieval time. On the Rhine, we find the Gross St. Martin Church with a remarkable Roman influence. It has a cloverleaf choir and a lofty interior. The sixth church, called St. Georg Church is the only remaining in the region of the Romanesque basilica. Built in the 14th century, the church was a stop on the pilgrimage to Santiago. It has an impressive forked crucifix and carved capitals on the porch. Built in 980, St. Pantaleon is one of the oldest churches in Germany. St. Gereon Church is elliptically shaped and has two towers with a decagon between. It hosts St. Gereon’s tomb with the original mosaic. The original St. Severin Chruch was built in the 4th century and it was restored in the 15thcentury. From the same times, we have St. Kuninbert Church located on the Rhine and St. Ursula Church. The later was built on the site of an old Roman graveyard.