Tourist guide to Trier
Considered to be the oldest city of Germany, Trier is a fantastic tourist destination at the same time. This wonderful city lies in the western part of the country, on the banks of the Moselle River. Founded around 16 BC, this old settlement is home to numerous historical sights which are very attractive for tourists. These attractions include several Roman sights, including Roman baths, the Porta Nigra, the Roman bridge, the Roman amphitheatre and so on. There are also numerous churches and museums dedicated to visitors. If you find this introduction convincing and you would like to visit this amazing city, I recommend you to read the following article before traveling. It will serve as a tourist guide to Trier.
One of the most important landmarks of the city, the beautiful Trier Cathedral (Cathedral of St. Peter) is a huge Roman Catholic cathedral which has its origins in the Roman times. It has a great importance, as the cathedral houses the Holy Tunic which is considered to be the robe Jesus wore before He died. The cathedral has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1986 and attracts numerous tourists yearly.
The Porta Nigra
Considered to be the best-preserved Roman city gates in the northern part of the Alps, the Porta Nigra is another important landmark of Trier. The “black gates” date back in around 180 A.D. and make part of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites. Today the Porta Nigra is open for visitors, offering guided tours during summertime.
The Basilica of Constantine
The huge Basilica of Constantine used to serve as the throne hall of the Roman Emperor Constantine. Today it is used as a Protestant church. Also known as the Aula Palatina, it was built around 310 A.D. Today it is an important visitor attraction of the city.
St. Matthias’s Abbey
Another religious building of Trier is St. Matthias’s Abbey. The Romanesque basilica is a place of pilgrimage, as it houses the tomb of Saint Matthias the Apostle. It used to be a Benedictine monastery and today it has the status of a basilica minor.
The Roman Baths ruins
A significant Roman attraction of Trier is the ruined Roman Baths. The Imperial Roman Baths of Trier used to be the largest of its time. Built about 1,600 years ago, the baths used to have an underground water heating system. Today the Roman Baths of Trier make part of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.
The Rheinisches Landesmuseum
As one of the most important archaeological museums of Germany for the Roman period, the Rheinisches Landesmuseum of Trier is an important tourist attraction. Founded in 1877, the museum is home to a large and interesting collection presenting the Roman period, the Middle Ages and even Baroque era. The museum is open Tuesday to Sunday, from 10:00 to 17:00. (October 2013)